Cavities: The Most Common Form of Dental Disease

Tooth decay, according to the American Dental Association (ADA), is the destruction of the tooth enamel – the hard, outer layer of the teeth. It can be a problem for children, teens and adults. Plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, constantly forms on our teeth. When you eat or drink foods containing sugars, the bacteria in plaque produce acids that attack tooth enamel. The stickiness of the plaque keeps these acids in contact with your teeth and over time the enamel can break down. This is when cavities can form.

A cavity, which is a tiny opening or hole on the tooth, is the most common form of dental disease. A cavity usually does not hurt, unless it grows very large and affects the nerves or causes a tooth fracture. An untreated cavity can lead to tooth abscess, an infection in the tooth.

According to a Babylon cavities dentist, to prevent cavities from forming, it is recommended that you brush your teeth 2-3 times per day, floss your teeth 1-2 times per day, and limit your intake of high-sugar beverages and food, like candies, gums and sweets. Other ways of checking plaques and preventing cavities are through dental sealants, thorough dental cleanings for your teeth and gums, routine 6-month checkups and in-office fluoride treatments.

Fluoride is a recent and effective advancement in the dental and oral health industry. Studies have shown that teeth exposed to a moderate and consistent amount of fluoride are stronger and the fluoride helps rebuild the tooth structure and prevent future decay.

As explained by the Passes Dental Care clinic, your babies need to be protected too. While your baby is teething, it is important to monitor the teeth for signs of baby bottle decay (also called early childhood caries, nursing caries and nursing bottle syndrome). Examine the teeth, especially on the inside or the tongue side, every two weeks for dull spots (whiter than the tooth surface) or lines. A bottle containing anything other than water – such as fruit juices, milk, formula, fruit juice diluted with water, sugar water or any other sweet drink – and left in an infant’s mouth while sleeping can cause decay. This happens because sugar in the liquid mixes with bacteria in dental plaque, forming acids that attack the tooth enamel. Each time a child drinks liquids containing sugar, acids attack the teeth for about 20 minutes. When awake, saliva carries away the liquid. During sleep, the saliva flow significantly decreases and liquids pool around the child’s teeth for long periods, covering the teeth in acids.

 

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The Health Risks of Obesity

In simple terms, obesity is being about overly fat or overweight, but in medical terms, it is about having at least an extra 20% in weight in relation to height. People suffer from obesity because of various reasons. It may be because of poor diet decisions, like overconsumption of calories in relation to calories that can be burned or of unhealthy food products such as potato chips and soft drinks. It may be because of the lack of physical activities, like failure to get adequate exercise. It may also be because of other medical conditions, such as eating and sleeping disorders.
Whatever the cause of obesity is, it doesn’t change the fact that it has negative effects on the person who suffer from it. The website of GastroCare LI has made a list of effects that obese people can experience on a daily basis:

  • Back pain
  • Breathlessness
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Inability to participate in physical activities
  • Increased sweating
  • Snoring

Because of the effects listed above, you may think that obesity is merely an inconvenience, but it is more than just a hassle. It can make you more prone to certain medical conditions.

  • Cancer – Obesity has been known to be linked to the development of certain types of cancers, particularly those that involve the colon and kidney.
  • Diabetes – Being obese puts a person at greater risk of Type 2 Diabetes because of the blood sugar level effects of overeating, overconsumption of unhealthy products, and lack of physical activity.
  • Heart Problems – High blood pressure and high cholesterol level are likely conditions for those who are overweight, and these conditions may put enough strain into the heart, resulting into heart problems and even stroke.
  • Sleep Apnea – This is a condition wherein a person has brief pauses during sleep, and obese people are more likely to experience it. This may result into unsatisfying rests and daytime tiredness, which may further increase the likelihood of heart problems.
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Construction Workers – Most Prone to Work-related Accidents

The Willow Island disaster, which occurred in April of 1978 and killed 51 construction workers all working on a scaffold, is considered the largest construction accident in the history of the United States. So many more construction site accidents happened before and after this one tragic event, all severely injuring scores of workers and taking the lives of many others.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics records about 150,000 job-related injuries annually in construction sites alone, making industrial jobs the most dangerous of all types of works. To ensure safety in construction sites, in particular, and in all workplaces, in general, the United States government passed into law the Occupational Safety and Health Act, or OSH Act, in 1970 which, after a year, established the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). OSHS’ main concern is to implement the mandate on safe and healthy working conditions in all work environments for the benefit of all employees.

In 2012, of the 4,175 deaths involving employees in the private sector, 806 were construction workers. The top four causes of deaths, which OSHA came to call the “Fatal Four,” include: falls; being struck by something, such as a truck, crane, a falling wall, a falling object or other heavy tool or vehicle; electrocution; and, being caught-in/between.

A personal injury attorney will always emphasize the necessity of construction jobs, yet will also affirm the many dangers construction workers are regularly exposed to. Thus, property owners, contractors, machinery manufacturers and all workers have the responsibility of doing their part in keeping working sites as safe as possible to avoid untoward incidents, which, in reality, can be avoided.

When an accident occurs, however, then hiring a highly-competent legal counsel may be necessary. He/She may be able to help the accident victim assess the extent of the injury, apply for Worker’s Compensation benefit or pursue the best legal action against the liable party (if the injured victims waives his/her claim for the Worker’s Comp benefit).

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Construction Site Dangers: Requiring Workers to be on Their Toes at All Times

The Willow Island disaster at the Pleasants Power Station in West Virginia, which occurred on April 27, 1978, is considered the largest construction accident in the United States. The accident occurred as the cable that was lifting a bucket of concrete slackened and pulled the crane lifting it toward the inside of the tower. Concrete and the crane fell on the 51 construction workers working on a scaffold below; all 51 workers died.

Construction works imply two things: progress and danger. Progress because it suggests a booming economy; Danger, because of the many forms of danger construction workers get exposed to, such as dangerous and flammable substances, sharp and heavy tools, heavy machineries, dangerous fumes and dust, exposed electrical wirings, and the height that workers need to reach to do their assigned work.

In 2012, of the 4,175 deaths involving employees in the private sector, 806 were construction workers. Danger of injuries and deaths in work environments is the major reason why the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), the federal agency tasked to enforce safety and health standard laws in all workplaces, requires property owners, contractors, machinery manufacturers and all workers to strictly observe safety measures in doing their job and exercise responsibility in keeping working sites as safe as possible to avoid untoward incidents, which, in reality, are totally preventable.

On the day of the Willow Island accident itself, an investigation team from OSHA arrived and discovered a number of safety lapses that contributed to the accident and deaths:

  • The scaffold, as it rose, was bolted to concrete that had just recently been poured and, therefore, had not dried yet;
  • Some bolts were missing while the ones used were of insufficient grade; and,
  • Without going through proper engineering review, the concrete hoisting system was modified.

One law firm, the Hach & Rose, LLP, said it very precisely when it said that “construction sites can be extremely dangerous, and accidents at these sites can happen suddenly and without warning. Unfortunately, these accidents can leave people seriously injured and struggling to cope with the consequences of their injuries.”

An Iowa personal injury lawyer expresses the same line of thought, saying innocent victims, after an accident, “are often forced to suffer through physical and emotional pain, extensive medical bills, lost income due to time away from work, and other costs. Injuries not only interfere with your life in the present, but can present long term complications and disability, interfering with your quality of life for years into the future.”

These innocent victims of accidents should not be left to suffer on their own, especially if the accident was a result of the negligent or irresponsible acts of another party. Getting a seasoned construction accident or personal injury lawyer, not only after a construction site accident, but after any type of accident, for that matter, may be necessary in order for the victim to pursue the compensation he/she may be legally entitled to claim.

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Construction Site Dangers: Requiring Workers to be on Their Toes at All Times

Construction Site Dangers: Requiring Workers to be on Their Toes at All Times

The Willow Island disaster at the Pleasants Power Station in West Virginia, which occurred on April 27, 1978, is considered the largest construction accident in the United States. The accident occurred as the cable that was lifting a bucket of concrete slackened and pulled the crane lifting it toward the inside of the tower. Concrete and the crane fell on the 51 construction workers working on a scaffold below; all 51 workers died.

Construction works imply two things: progress and danger. Progress because it suggests a booming economy; Danger, because of the many forms of danger construction workers get exposed to, such as dangerous and flammable substances, sharp and heavy tools, heavy machineries, dangerous fumes and dust, exposed electrical wirings, and the height that workers need to reach to do their assigned work.

In 2012, of the 4,175 deaths involving employees in the private sector, 806 were construction workers. Danger of injuries and deaths in work environments is the major reason why the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), the federal agency tasked to enforce safety and health standard laws in all workplaces, requires property owners, contractors, machinery manufacturers and all workers to strictly observe safety measures in doing their job and exercise responsibility in keeping working sites as safe as possible to avoid untoward incidents, which, in reality, are totally preventable.

On the day of the Willow Island accident itself, an investigation team from OSHA arrived and discovered a number of safety lapses that contributed to the accident and deaths:

• The scaffold, as it rose, was bolted to concrete that had just recently been poured and, therefore, had not dried yet;
• Some bolts were missing while the ones used were of insufficient grade; and,
• Without going through proper engineering review, the concrete hoisting system was modified.

One law firm, the Hach & Rose, LLP, said it very precisely when it said that “construction sites can be extremely dangerous, and accidents at these sites can happen suddenly and without warning. Unfortunately, these accidents can leave people seriously injured and struggling to cope with the consequences of their injuries.”

An Iowa personal injury lawyer expresses the same line of thought, saying innocent victims, after an accident, “are often forced to suffer through physical and emotional pain, extensive medical bills, lost income due to time away from work, and other costs. Injuries not only interfere with your life in the present, but can present long term complications and disability, interfering with your quality of life for years into the future.”

These innocent victims of accidents should not be left to suffer on their own, especially if the accident was a result of the negligent or irresponsible acts of another party. Getting a seasoned construction accident or personal injury lawyer, not only after a construction site accident, but after any type of accident, for that matter, may be necessary in order for the victim to pursue the compensation he/she may be legally entitled to claim.

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The Repercussions of Drinking While Driving

We are all aware of it drinking and driving is a bad combination. Despite the knowledge of the negative impact of drunk driving, the number of Americans who got injured or died from drunk driver has produced staggering results. According to National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 31% of total traffic fatalities in 2013 involved drunk drivers with a BAC of more than 0.8 percent. In that same year, one alcohol impaired driving fatality occurred every 52 minutes.

A Milwaukee car crash attorney will tell you that drunk driving related incidents are totally prevent6able if not for the negligence of the drunk driver. One negative effect of drunk driving is poor decision making. Alcohol can impair your ability to react to road conditions. It can also affect your depth perception and vital motor skills necessary for safe driving. When a police officer flags you and finds that you exceeded the legal BAC limit, you could be in for bigger trouble.

If you failed the field sobriety test, chances are you could end up spending the night in jail and be charged with DUI or DWI depending on the state. The events that will follow will have a huge impact on the rest of your life. Aside from your license being suspended for a year, you could also pay stiff fines or may be required to do community service depending on the depth of your offense.

Drunk driving has become a huge menace that6 has claimed the lives of many people. Do not be part of the statistics but rather be with the solution. When driving, do not drink and vice versa. Or if you need to drink, do not drive. You can take the cab, wait till your BAC level has dropped, or sleep first before driving. Think safety and you and your loved one can go on to drive for as long as possible.

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Faulty Manufacturing Design: The Major Cause of Rollover Accidents

Every year, 10,000 deaths and 24,000 cases of serious injuries, all due to rollover accidents, are reported to the U.S. Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). A rollover is one type of accident wherein a vehicle rolls onto its side or roof. Like head-on collisions, it can be life-threatening, especially if the vehicle’s roof collapses and crashes down on the driver’s head and spine, as this can easily result to serious head and spinal injuries.

Though rollover accidents have always occurred, their frequency had not been as often as in the 1990s, the decade when the production of passenger vans increased and SUVs where introduced. These vehicles, especially SUVs, are designed with a high ground clearance (or a high center of gravity) and a narrow track width which is shown by the shorter distance between their left and right wheels. Compared to cars, vehicles designed this way are less stable and their steering capacity greatly reduced and still reduced further if the weight of cargo and/or the weight of passengers is/are not equally distributed.

While any type of vehicle may rollover, including cars, especially when these are hit with great force on it side, more prone to this type of accident are SUVs, passenger vans and pick-up trucks. Still increasing these vehicles’ susceptibility to rollover are speed above 55mph and an alcohol-impaired driver. But while speed and alcohol increase the risk of rollover accidents, these, according to the NHTSA, are only secondary factors, as the major cause of the accident is the vehicle’s faulty manufacturing design.

If a vehicle with a narrow track width and high ground clearance is driven down a steep slope at fast speed, or if its driver makes a sharp turn without slowing down, then there is a possibility for it to fail to remain upright or slide sideways and rollover. The same thing happens when it digs its tires into soft soil or strikes an object, such as a guardrail or a curb, as it slides sideways after leaving the roadway.

According to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, while the 2014 car occupant death rate has gone down to 51 percent since 1975, death rates for pick-up truck and SUV occupants have gone up to 15% and 9%, respectively; death rates of pick-up and SUV drivers have also increased. In 2010 alone, at least 7,600 people died in rollover accidents.

Rollovers have a higher fatality rate than other types of motor vehicle crashes. For survivors of this type of accident, however, the website of Houston Taxotere lawsuit attorneys  says that, besides the physical and mental trauma that victims may suffer, the process of recovery can also very much impose significant financial burdens on them and their families.

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Best Natural Dog Food for Small Dogs

Small dog breeds need the same nutrients as large dogs although they need proportionately less. Dry dog food specifically for small dogs, referred to as “small breed” or “small bites,” are primarily just smaller chunks of the same food as for larger breeds to make it easier for the dogs to eat and digest. Notice that no canned dog food is labeled specifically for any size of breed.

That being said, natural dog food is the best kind for small dogs, and the best kind of natural dog food is made at home, provided it has the right mix of nutrients. Dog food made from fresh ingredients is sure to be healthier than any commercial brand, although it does take some time and effort. What is important is that dog food, whether homemade or commercial, should have the correct combination of protein, fats and carbohydrates as well as essential vitamins and minerals.

Must-have ingredients

One of the best ingredients for natural dog food for small dogs is chicken meat. It is easy to source and prepare for those who will make homemade dog food. In the best type of commercial dog food, chicken or chicken meal (not chicken by-product meal, which is not pure meat) should be near the top of the list. Beef, lamb, venison, duck, turkey and other animal meat are also popular and good sources of protein for muscle maintenance. For the fat requirement, there should be a source of omega-3 fatty acids such as fish oil for skin and coat health as well as oil from flaxseed. Brown rice, carrots, sweet potatoes and potatoes are good sources of carbohydrates and fiber to aid in healthy bowel movement.

What to avoid

Ingredients to be avoided in dog food include wheat, soy and corn, which small dogs cannot digest and are known allergens. Anything with “by-product,” “added,” “flavor” or “dye” attached to it is also generally to be avoided. Dogs of any kind should not be fed onions, onion powder, raw eggs, or chili because they have adverse health effects. Dog food that lists any of these ingredients in any quantity should be avoided entirely.

There are a lot of commercial dog food brands that have received top reviews for providing natural, high-quality nutrition for small breeds. However, puppies and lactating mothers, no matter their size, would have different nutritional needs and would require specially formulated diets. The website theruggedpup.com has more information about promoting a dog’s health throughout its lifespan.

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5 Great Places for Coffee and Studying in Appleton

It might as well be a proven scientific fact that there is just something about the ambiance of coffee shops that makes people more productive. It provides a steady, homely kind of feel with just the right amount of white noise – through the buzzing, fleeting conversations of strangers as well as the chitchat of baristas with their customers – and the delectable scent of freshly brewed coffee in the air all the time.

Appleton, of course, doesn’t disappoint – as such a quaint town can only offer coffee shops that fit the criteria just the same.

The Copper Rock Coffee Company, for one, offers some of the best food, gelato, and brews ever. Spacious and elegant, it is the perfect place to get some work done for a little while – sweet, precious undisturbed hours, especially for those creative minds out there – or even for old friends to just catch up and spend time with each other. They can be comfortably placed that everyone is just in quiet harmony with one another.

Something a bit more intimate can come in the way of Brewed Awakenings. Perfect for the get up-and-go types, their pastries and quick brews are ones that have saved the lives of more than one rushing partner, dashing to get home with something sweet and delectable for their significant other. Efficient service as well as a sufficient selection of treats and savory delights for any time of the day, this is definitely for those who don’t want any kind of hassle or fuss.

However, if you know your coffee – a trip to Acoca Coffee can be well worth the visit. These guys know their coffee and their beans so well that it might as well be a science because they have it down to a T. There is special, extra care with how they handle their brews and you can be made certain that each cup was made with lots of love. Friendly and efficient staff on hand, you can be certain of some of your best cups of joe from this joint, most definitely.

Something that definitely wows the masses is the stuff found in All Seasons Coffeehouse. A definite five star rating all around, this place offers some pretty ace delicacies and brews that are certain to impress – and have, with the way both locals and tourists alike praise it to the high heavens. Their pure love for the brew makes for a cup made in heaven and there is very little in the world that can compare to the joy of tasting one of their macaroons. If you want a quick treat for yourself, this coffee shop is definitely the place to be.

Lastly, however, is something for the more adventurous types who might need a little bit of something new in their lives. Basil Café certainly provides on that front with their interesting food choices as well as imported ideas, as they do specialize in Vietnamese and Thai cuisine.

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The Dangers of Robotic Surgery

Innovation in science and technology has helped us overcome obstacles and reach new heights as a human race, but sometimes we have to stop and analyze whether or not we are getting ahead of ourselves.

The da Vinci system, created by Intuitive Surgical Inc., is a robotic surgical system that has been on the market for more than decade, according to a New York Times article. They have performed more than one million procedures and increased in the United States more than 400% between 2007-2011.

The problem with all of this is the liability factor. 56.8% of surgeons reported experiencing irrecoverable operative malfunctions while using the system. Only 174 injuries and 71 deaths have been reported, but according to the article an immense amount of injury causing operations have gone unreported.

Dr. Martin A. Makary, an associate professor of surgery at John Hopkins, believes this is due to the fact that the media is underreporting accidents, making it easier for those involved to not have to take responsibility.

Intuitive apparently aggressively markets their equipment. Doctors and physicians have received pressure to use them, even though the quality of training provided to surgeons is not on par with their training for traditional surgery.

Women are especially at risk for a da Vinci system related injury. One third of the reported deaths have been because of gynecologic procedures, and 43% of injuries have been associated with hysterectomies.

Hospitals are required to report all of the devices involved in an injury or death to the FDA 30 days after the fact, but many have neglected to do so with the da Vinci system. The website of Crowe & Mulvey, LLP says that although the system has the ability to be beneficial for patients, in the wrong hands or under the wrong circumstances, robotic surgery can lead to unnecessary and avoidable injuries and complications.

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